Breast cancer symptoms
Breast cancer signs and symptoms include:
The emergence of bloody secretions from the nipple.
The nipple is newly inverted, and is turned inward instead of outward.
Changes, crusting, blistering, or itchy eczema of the skin around the nipple (areola).
Changes in the breast skin that appears to be thicker and more like an orange peel.
Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit.
It is worth noting that all of these symptoms are considered late symptoms of the disease, and for that, many countries rely on periodic examination (usually every 3 years) with mammograms to detect cases early, and you should visit the doctor immediately when any of the previous symptoms appear, or when there are any changes In a mammogram.
- Symptoms of breast cancer in lactating and pregnant women
Many changes occur in the breast during pregnancy and lactation, and most of these changes are considered natural changes due to the hormonal changes that occur in a woman’s body, and its goal is to prepare the breast for the breastfeeding process, and it may occur:
Lumps due to the accumulation of milk.
Breast infections may also occur, or breast abscess may occur.
There may also be fissures in the nipple.
All these changes may be similar to the symptoms of breast cancer, and in general, breast cancer is not common during pregnancy and childbirth, but if you suspect any strange symptoms or signs, do not hesitate to consult a doctor, and usually the doctor will ask – after the examination – an ultrasound examination. It is a safe examination for both you and your unborn child.
- Causes of breast cancer
The cause of breast cancer is not clear until today, and researchers have identified some hormone, lifestyle and environmental factors that may contribute to an increased risk of breast cancer, and it is most likely that breast cancer is caused by an interaction of genetic and environmental factors.
Doctors report that approximately 5-10% of breast cancer cases are due to gene mutations that are passed down through the family from one generation to the next, and the most common genes are the breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1), the breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2), and the presence of any Of the two genes contribute to an increased risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer, and when there is a family history, it is recommended to undergo the necessary tests to detect mutations.